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Are you looking for painkillers?

It’s not the devil that millions of people in “painful perceptions” are taking modern painkillers. Although we may talk about extremes, there is no one who does not take any pill at all, and he is the one who cures the medicine for the slightest pain, saying – if something sticks, pounds, blows, burns, twitches, pounds, etc. – It’s obvious that you want to get rid of the pain, the more efficiently and faster. In addition, a long line of analgesics available without prescription is by far the most frequently used drug in both UK and worldwide.

With anyone, you may need analgesia. Humanity is the age of pain, which is a signal: it can be strong, blunt, acute, long-lasting; it may affect a part of the body, but also the entire body, such as muscle pains in the event of influenza illnesses. Among the central nervous system drugs most commonly used are painkillers: they are excellent for acute short-term pain, such as headaches, arthritis, ear, backache, or post-operative pain relief. In fact, it also reduces the symptoms of influenza, sinusitis, and sore throat.

Obviously, when choosing a therapy, decisive factors are the exact diagnosis, the level of pain, the individual risk factors, or the history of previous medication. As analgesics work differently for everyone, it is often necessary to test a variety of medications – taking into account the advice of the doctor and the user manual – to find out which one is the most appropriate to relieve the complaints. However, doctors say that pain is not a disease, it is a symptom, and its cause must always be sought. Returning pain is also an alarm bell, and in order to effectively manage it, it is necessary to explore the underlying causes and, of course, their successful elimination. Thus attenuating chronic pain is a medical task.

As for the history of analgesics, briefly: 400 years ago, Hippocrates used parts of the willow to alleviate female pain. For example, white willow (Salixalba) has phenolic glycosides (salicin), a fever and analgesic, and it also has anti-inflammatory properties. Then, in 1897, the work of Felix Hoffmann resulted in the formation of acetylsalicylic acid.

Two large groups can be divided into many analgesics behind the many brand names and compositions: stunning and non-narcotic. The two main types are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and paracetamol. These drugs inhibit the formation of prostaglandins, i.e., inflammatory compounds. Paracetamol does not have an anti-inflammatory effect: in the experts’ opinion, this agent acts by blocking the pain sensation transmitted to the brain.

Ibuprofen

The most commonly used drug is ibuprofen, which acts simultaneously against inflammation and pain, but also helps in controlling fever.

However, narcotic analgesics, such as morphine, act in the brain. The latter and the weak opiates, such as tramadol, are available only on prescription and, for more severe pain, they are prescribed by the general practitioner or the specialist.

It is important to note that pain relief is not the same as anesthesia! All non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen and ketoprofen) may cause stomach upset, especially in the elderly. To avoid this, always take the medicine with food. If it causes an analgesic stomach disorder, it irritates our stomach, the most common symptom of it being nausea and heartburn.

But how do we adjust to the maze of drug agents? Generally, there is a difference in the amount of drug, the rate of action or duration of the effect. According to doctors, it is therefore not necessary to choose a name based on the name, but to know the pain and the strength of the pain. At the same time, you should not take medication daily, for example, as a headache, as it may result in persistent drug-dependent headaches.

In addition, supplemental so-called adjuvant agents are used in analgesics, which are not primarily and specifically painkillers, but supplement the analgesic effect of certain chronic pains such as muscle relaxants.

It is worth noting that painkillers have other undesirable side effects and dangers: they can not cause bone marrow damage, but also kidney and liver damage if they are inappropriate or excessive; or even allergic reactions. As it should be remembered that some painkillers can significantly reduce attention, they can cause concentration: drowsiness and somnolence.